Rice History

In the long and turbulent history of the human race, one of the most important developments that led to the development of civilizations was the domestication of rice. for this one single variety of grain has fed and nourished more people over a longer period of time than any other crop.

Rice or Oryza Sativa (as botanists prefer to call it) is not a tropical plant but is still associated with a wet, humid climate. It is generally believed that the domestication of rice began somewhere in the Asian arc. From its place of birth, lost forever in the mists of time, the plant and its grain spread all over the world.

It is probably a descendent of wild grass that was cultivated in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas and the upper tracts of the Irrawady and Mekong river basins.

From India. the plant spread to China and then onwards to Korea, the Philippines (about 2000 B.C.), Japan and Indonesia (about 1000 B.C.).

The journey of rice around the world has been slow, but once it took root it stayed and became a major agricultural and economic product for the people. In the Indian subcontinent more than a quarter of the cultivated land is given to rice. It is a very essential part of the daily meal in many parts of the country.

India is one of the world's largest producer of white rice and brown rice. accounting for 20% of all world rice production. Rice is India's preeminent crop.

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